The previous posts have offered a slight glimpse into the urban-political-ecology interactions that takes place within Singapore, through different flows and materialities of air, water, animals, and technological networks. Don’t be mistaken, however, that the discussions are all inclusive, as they are but a minute part of the wider urban-political-ecology assemblage, which is indeed, very much bigger than its parts (Keil, 2003).
Through the discussions, I have tried to link the various posts and even to other cities because that itself is the myriad complex interactions that UPE is – socio-natural processes that impacts and is impacted by the political arm of city life, effected unevenly through top-down and bottom-up actors (Griezen and Roemers, 2014).
Indeed, it has been an enriching journey sharing my thoughts on Singapore through a UPE lens – I have learnt so much more about this country I call home! As Singapore moves towards the narrative of a ‘City in a Garden’ (NParks, 2015), there will be much more to discover, so do chat me up if you see me around in school!
Giezen, M. and G. Roemers (2014) ‘Metabolism in context – the metabolic Planner: Reflection on Urban Planning from the Perspective of Urban Metabolism’, Master studio urban planning, 14-27.
Keil, R. (2003). “Urban Political Ecology’, Urban Geography 24, 8, 723-738.
NParks (2015) ‘5th National Report to the Convention on Biological Diversity (2010-2014)’, Singapore: NParks Report.